types of turtles in illinois

Diet: Smooth softshell turtles are omnivores, but they definitely prefer meat over plants, so in general they will consume meat, insects, snails, and fish, and occasionally they will eat some fruits, vegetables and other kinds of vegetation. The shell also has some distinct markings on the edges that can range in color from red, orange or yellow, and any combination of them. Alien species can be added to an area to help with certain ecological problems, or by mistake. All State Reptiles An election for favorite state reptile was conducted on the Internet in 2004 (other candidates considered were the eastern box turtle and the common garter snake ). Another distinguishable feature of the Common Musk turtle can be found on its head in the form of two light colored stripes. The upper shell has a pattern that is similar to a map, hence the name Ouachita Map Turtle. Pet turtles require lots of time, care and attention! Description: Blanding’s Turtle has a considerably more dome-like shaped shell than most turtles. It is important to get the turtle back in the wild as soon as possible. Laws About Wild Turtles in Illinois . Razorback Musk Turtles. From a layman’s point of view, terms like order, sub-order, genus, binomial name, etc., are bound to cause confusion. The upper part of the shell is usually colored dark brown or black. So they can be usually seen in rivers, slow moving streams, lakes and ponds. Description: The Mississippi Mud Turtle has an upper shell that is usually colored dark brown or black. Additionally, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey has an Identification Key to help people figure out what species turtle they have found. Description: Hieroglyphic River Cooter usually range in color from green-brown to black. Illinois Woodpeckers: Sapsuckers The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker is the most far ranging of all the native sapsucker species. Welcome to the site and we hope you find what you’re looking for. The skin of the Ouachita Map Turtle is usually covered with thin yellow-white lines. Reproduction: The nesting period takes place between May and July. Overall I strongly suggest you not to do this, it can be very dangerous for the ecosystem and for the turtles as well. A lot of people believe that turtles smell bad, but this couldn’t be farther from the truth. The shell has one distinct feature and that is a ridge that traverses the entire length of the shell. On the upper part of the shell they also have a vertebral keel. Out of the nine classifications, two of them basically mean that there is not enough data on the species, so you will usually see only seven possible status instead of nine. They usually have very long legs, necks and tails. Incubation usually lasts between 70 and 100 days. The skin of the Hieroglyphic River Cooter is usually covered with pronounced stripes tah can range in color from yellow to orange to red. The lower side of the shell is usually light colored. Hello, I am Victor, and I have a turtle pond that is the home of 6 turtles and 2 tortoises. Diet: Eastern Spiny softshells are carnivorous. Smaller turtles can be lifted safely with one or two hands from the back (tail end) of the shell. You can support our site and thousands of other turtle owners by contributing with a small donation. If the rescuer cannot find water nearby, and the female turtle has released water, the turtle should be placed in a container of shallow water for a couple of hours before being released. Description: The Southern Painted Turtle has an olive, dark brown or black upper shell that presents a very visible red, orange or yellow line that traverses the entire length of the shell. Scutes may contain a beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun's rays. So they can be typically be seen in marshes, creeks, small lakes, and ponds. How big it can get:  Between 15 and 26 inches. Where it lives: They generally prefer water streams, but they can also be found in lakes, ponds and manmade environments. There are 17 species of turtles in Illinois, 14 in Southern Illinois. Diet: Painted turtles are omnivorous, this means that they will eat fruits, vegetables as well as meat and insects. Loggerhead Sea Turtles. (With 20 Examples and Pictures). 6 Missouri’s Turtles Illinois mud turtle. If you don’t know what the species is, click on the text to work through the key. Spotted, snapping and Blanding's turtles lay eggs once per year. So a certain state might be home to 10 turtle species, but only 5 of them can be native. If you see a photo that looks like the species you saw, then you can click on the photo to get information about that particular species. How big it can get: Spotted turtles are one of the smallest turtle species in the US, usually it only reaches sizes between 3 and 4 inches. Reproduction: The nesting season usually starts in March and ends in June. So they can be usually found in lakes, swamps, marshes, and rivers. The smallest turtle in the region is the musk turtle, averaging about 3-4 inches. Two kinds of snapping turtles occur in North America, and both of them can be found in Illinois. A turtle can cost anywhere between $10 and $100... Do Turtles Smell? The entirety of the upper part of the shell is covered with pronounced, but not sharp, spikes. Where it lives: Unlike most turtles, Box turtles live on land instead of water. They were commonly used for making turtle soup in Singapore and the U.S, and were nearly hunted down to extinction in many regions of the world. They usually hunt their prey, but not actively, they do this by sitting at the bottom of the lake with their mouth open, while waiting for their prey. We hope you will enjoy the site and that you will find what you’re looking for.​. Reproduction: Nesting season starts in May and ends July. Be careful not to be scratched by the nails on the turtle’s hind feet. Colloquially, the word "turtle" is generally restricted to fresh-water and sea-dwelling Testudines. If you want to know more about turtle hibernation, I’ve written a more in depth article that covers the subject, In this article I cover why turtles hibernate, how hibernation takes place, how aquatic turtles hibernate, how land turtles hibernate, how sea turtles hibernate, what is brumation, and many other important and  interesting things about hibernation: Do Turtles Hibernate? On this site you will find articles that cover every basic thing that a turtle owner needs to know, as well as all the advanced stuff. Where it lives: In general Spotted turtles can be found in marshes, wet meadows, swamps, bogs, and shallow borders of ponds, lakes and streams. How big it can get: Most of them reach sizes between 8 and 12 inches, but it’s not uncommon to find females that reach sizes bigger than that, sometimes even 15 inches. Many are crushed by vehicles while they are crossing roads. How big it can get: In general Smooth Softshell turtles reach sizes between 6 and 13 inches. Take special care when moving snapping turtles. It is best to grab the snapping turtle by its hind legs (one in each hand) and use them as handles. Green turtles weigh up to 350 pounds. KY state is located in the southern United States and is bordered by Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois to the north, Tennessee to the south, Virginia and West Virginia to the east, and Missouri to the west. The lower part of the shell  is usually colored yellow. Description: The Eastern Spiny Softshell has a leather like shell that is very round and flattened, when comparing it to other turtles. Some small species include the Eastern Box, Southern Painted, Diamondback Terrapins, Spotted and Bog Turtles. For example the plastic in the water is greatly impacting sea turtles in a negative way. The amount of time it takes the eggs to hatch is around 80 days. You have to remember that most wild animals can carry bacteria, and since turtles spend a lot of time in water those bacteria can be a little more dangerous. Most Illinois turtles lay oval eggs, but softshells and snapping turtles lay spherical eggs. Red eared slider turtles, the most popular are available in quite a few slider turtle morphs for sale. Males have a red crown and throat. Most of those rules are generally designed to protect turtles, so even if they seem a little restrictive, they are there for a good reason. Every state in the US has different laws regarding native turtles and turtles in general. Adult green turtles are the only herbivorous sea turtles. The skin is usually covered with long and thin stripes that are also light colored. Chelydra serpentina: Snapping Turtle: Macrochelys temminckii: Alligator Snapping Turtle: Chrysemys picta: Painted Turtle: Clemmys guttata: Spotted Turtle The lower part of the shell is usually yellow with a multitude of black patterns. The lower part of the shell is usually colored yellow, hence the name Yellow Mud Turtle. The skin is usually dark brown or black with yellow, orange or red lines. Baby slider turtles for sale are cheap, easy to care for, and quite inquisitive. Additionally, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey has an Identification Key to help people figure out what species turtle they have found. Diet: They are omnivorous, this means that their diet is made out of a variety of things like: meat, fish, insects, snails, fruits, vegetables, and aquatic vegetation. When turtles hibernate, they enter a very profound sleep which allows them to conserve energy. TurtleOwner.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The incubation period is longer than that of most turtles, lasting around 100 to 110 days. link to How Much Do Turtles Cost? The United States is home to more turtle species than any other country in the world, almost 100 species and subspecies. Description: The color of the Ouachita Map Turtle is usually, olive, brown or black. It breeds across Canada from Coast to Coast and in the winter returns to most forested areas west of the Rocky Mountains. The reason why most turtles end up smelling is because... We are a passionate group of writers and researchers who write about pet turtles and tortoises. The colors usually range from olive-gray to yellow-brown. How long it can live: Between 30 and 40 years. Five of the seven are found in Florida: Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and Kemp’s Ridley. The shell usually has markings on the side that can vary in color from red to yellow. Small species, such as the spotted turtle, may lay only three to five eggs in a nest, while the larger snapping turtle lays 20 to 40 eggs. (With 20 Examples and Pictures), link to Do Turtles Smell? Several types of musk turtles make excellent pets, but the razorback musk turtle is the most popular. This is a list of turtles, ordered alphabetically and grouped by Where it lives: Like most aquatic turtles, the musk turtle can be found in all mind of slow moving and still body waters. Place the turtle in a container or box. Turtles don’t have a strong natural smell. Albino slider turtles … The skin of the Mississippi Map Turtle is usually covered with thin yellow lines. Description: The Midland Painted Turtle have a dark colored skin and shell, ranging in color from dark brown to black. Turtles (order Testudines), including tortoises, are reptiles with bodies encased in bony shells. Their preferred prey includes fish, crayfish, and other aquatic invertebrates. Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. The lower side of the carapace is also very plain, but it’s usually a little lighter than the upper part. All turtle traps must have a functional escape hole provided with a minimum diameter in all directions of 7-1/2 inches to allow passage of fish and small turtles. THe lower part of the shell is usually yellow, orange or red with a black pattern. On the one hand, the thirty eight species recorded in the state puts it at the above average range for snake diversity. What to Expect and How to Prevent, Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macroclemys temminckii), Common Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica), Common Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus), Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina), Eastern Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum), Eastern Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera), False Map Turtle (Graptemys pseudogeographica), Hieroglyphic River Cooter (Pseudemys concinna hieroglyphica), Yellow Mud Turtle (Kinosternon flavescens), Midland Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta marginata), Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica mutica), Mississippi Map Turtle (Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii), Mississippi Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis), Ouachita Map Turtle (Graptemys ouachitensis), Red Eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans), Southern Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta dorsalis), Western Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta bellii), What to Do If You Find a Wild Native Turtle, You Can Help Us Keep TurtleOwner.com Alive, What Do Turtles Eat ? It is best to allow turtle eggs to incubate and hatch (60 to 90 days depending on the turtle species) where the female laid them. Quick Note: In this list I am also going to tell you the conservation status of the species, meaning how close they are to extinction. But if you still want to, at least try not to put your hands near your face after you touched the turtle. What to Expect and How to Prevent. Where it lives: They are often found in slow-moving streams, creeks, lakes, ponds and marshes with a fresh and warm water supply. If you have questions about reptiles or amphibians in Illinois, you can contact Scott Ballard, Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Southern Region Endangered and Threatened Recovery Species Specialist/Herpetologist, at Scott.Ballard@Illinois.gov or 618-694-3398. Female turtles are often struck while searching for nest sites during the spring and summer months, and turtles of all ages and both sexes are struck when they migrate between water sources during the late summer and fall. Where it lives: All Painted turtles subspecies prefer to live in freshwater, and they can be usually found in slow moving rivers, ponds, and lakes. With so many options, choosing a pet turtle can be overwhelming. They also nest in exposed sand or soil in yards, along railroad tracks and trails edges, in agricultural fields, and in crushed limestone trails, especially if these areas are near permanent water. How big it can get: Red Eared Sliders usually reach sizes between 7 and 12 inches, in most cases the females are slightly bigger than the males. They eat various types of vegetation, such as grass and dandelions, and will take garden crops, says the U of I. The skin of the Midland Painted turtle is usually covered with lines that are yellow near the head, and then changing to red. The amount of time it takes the eggs to hatch is around 80 days. Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria. Reproduction: Nesting season starts in March and ends in June. If you find our articles helpful, and you like our site we would like to ask for your help. As the map turtles get older the pattern and the knobs start to slowly disappear, up to a point where they are beary visible. Here is a list that explains what every status means: The turtle species that I listed above are known as native species, but there can be other turtle species that live in that area that are not native, those species are called alien species. Quick Note: Most turtle subspecies are very similar, so besides some few differences in color it’s possible that everything else about them to be the same. If during a cold season you find a turtle that is hibernating, usually the best thing that you can do is to leave it to hibernate peacefully. Diet: Mud turtles are omnivorous, this means that they will eat meat, snails, fish, insects, as well as fruits, vegetables, and other kinds of vegetation. Description: Like most box turtles, the Ornate Box Turtle has a very dome like shaped shell, that can range in color from brown to black, and it’s usually covered with a multitude of lines and spots that can range in color from yellow to orange. How Much Do Turtles Cost? Here you will also find countless interesting turtle facts about turtles, tortoises, terrapins and sea turtles. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction. I've been a turtle and tortoise owner for 10 years, during which I gained a lot of experience and information, and now I want to share them with everybody that is curious or it's looking for help. Unless a turtle is in immediate danger, leave it where you found it. Turtles can do a lot of good things to an area, they can keep certain insect populations under control, they can eat the overwhelming vegetation, of a lake, that got out of control, and there are a lot of other beneficial things that they can do. Mating of this species takes place yearly. It is illegal to take turtles from the La Rue-Pine Hills/Otter Pond Research Area in Union County. Turtles in Illinois include common snappers, a few alligator snappers (in the Mississippi river system), western and midland painted turtles, red-eared sliders, eastern and three-toed box turtles (and I think there are some western box turtles in a small part of Illinois, on the part that goes with the Great Plains, though I might be wrong on that), and some kinds of mud, musk, and map turtles. On the upper part of the shell they also have a small vertebral keel. Like all Illinois pond turtles, males have longer front claws than the female, with these claws used in a mating ritual. With this system species are classified  into nine groups set through criteria such as rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation. Snapping turtles can be dangerous for an inexperienced person to handle. These turtles are light tan in color and their shells, as their name suggests, feature a ridge along the top. REMAINING (number with state) Bridge inframarginal scute number 4 (2) 3 (1) Bridge inguinal scutes developed Absent (1) Poorly (1) Well (1) Bridge width 1/2 or more of abdominal shield (1) Where it lives: The alligator snapping turtle can usually be found  at the bottom of rivers, lakes, sloughs, swamps and bayous. Where it lives: Map turtles can be found in waters that are stagnant or slow moving, and that have a lot of vegetation. Description: The Eastern Box Turtles have a very dome-like shaped shell that ranges in color from brown to black. If it’s winter or close to winter there is a chance that you can find a hibernating turtle. There are 13 types of turtles in Kentucky from different categories including both aquatic turtles and terrestrial turtles. When it comes to the meat they will scavenge, or actively hunt their prey in the water. The skin is usually covered in multiple yellow spots. How long it can live: Between 60 and 80 years. How big it can get: Common Musk turtles are very small, they usually reach sizes between 3 and 4.5 inches. Reproduction: Nesting occurs from late May until the middle of July, and the incubation period lasts between 70 and 90 days. Mud turtles generally live for about 30 years but can live to be 50 with the right care. How big it can get: Between 12 and 15 inches, in rare cases some of them can reach even 19 inches. Description: The most distinct feature of the Red Eared Slider are the red lines that can be easily seen behind the eyes, those lines can vary in color from red to orange and rarely yellow, but in most cases they are red. Their carapace can include shades of black, gray, green, brown, or yellow. Description: Common Snapping Turtles can range in color from brown to black. And always wash your hands with hot water and soap afterward. Illinois State Laws Regarding Turtles. To prevent this make sure that you don’t let it too close to your toes (if they are exposed), or to your fingers. One of the few distinct features of the Eastern Mud Turtle are the stripes on the head that can range in color from white to yellow. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category. As the Ouachita Map Turtles age the map pattern, as well as the keel become less pronounced. Every state in the US has different laws regarding native turtles and turtles in general. These females may expel a large amount of water from their vent/cloaca when lifted up by a well- meaning rescuer. In general, the color of their skin and shell can range from brown to black, and their skin is covered with yellow stripes. The whole process takes one-two months. Reproduction: Map turtles usually nest multiple times a year from the start of the spring up until the end of the summer. Size: 3-5 feet long and weighs 200-500 lbs. One female can have up to 25 offspring in a single year. TurtleOwner.com is owned and operated by The Turtle Owner Team. Identification. This water is important for moistening the soil of the nest site. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. Diet: Map turtles are omnivorous, so they will eat meat, insects, fruit, vegetables, aquatic vegetation, and everything else that they can find. Most states, including Illinois, have laws that protect wild native turtles. Their diet consists of mussels, plants and insects. Another of the different types of turtles that are threatened is the loggerhead sea turtle. Or if you are a turtle owner and you want to know more about how to properly take care of a turtle or a tortoise you can always check the Care Guides Section, or the Recommended Products Section. What you can do if you find a native wild turtle really depends on your intentions. Consider human safety first and use good judgment when attempting to move a turtle, especially off of a road. Additionally, curbs along roads and parking lots and railroad tracks can trap turtles. If you want to feed the turtle , you can definitely do that, that would actually be great, but make sure that you are feeding it the right thing, some foods can be very dangerous to turtles, to find out which food items are good and which are bad you can always check out this article where you will also find a few food items lists: What Do Turtles Eat ? If you want to know more reasons why you shouldn’t do this, you should ream my article: Can Pet Turtle Survive in the Wild?, In this article I explore all the possible outcomes of this situation. Painted turtles nest up to three times a year between mid-May and July, Adding a turtle to your home can be a great way to gain a new pet that will be with you for years.There are hundreds of turtle types, though, ranging from sea turtles to snapping turtles and much, much more. On the other hand, that diversity is a bit misleading because Illinois also lists populations of eleven species as either threatened or endangered. How long it can live: Between 30 and 70 years. In the Wild Turtles are incredibly unique vertebrates, comprised of between 300 and 400 different species (the exact number is contested), and these belong to three groups that are often mistakenly spoken about interchangeably: true turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. Illinois state law prohibits the commercial sale of any wild-caught snake or any of their parts, eggs, or offspring. How big it can get: Most Box turtles reach sizes between 5 and 7 inches. Reproduction: The nesting period starts in May and ends in July. On the upper part of the shell they have a map-like pattern that is lightly colored, and a row of saw-toothed knobs running down the center of the shell. The skin is usually covered with yellow stripes. How big it can get: Most Box turtles reach sizes between 5 and 7 inches. There are a lot of systems that track the conservation status of a species, but the most well known and used is the one I used in this article, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The average incubation period of the eggs is 75 days. Where it lives: Blanding’s turtles usually inhabit clean shallow waters with soft bottoms and abundant vegetation. Turtles are one of the most popular house pets in the world. The biggest known alligator snapping turtle reached 31.5 inches. And they have a pronounced beak-like mouth. As the Mississippi Map Turtles age the map pattern on the back, as well as the keel become less and less visible. The bottom part of the shell is usually light colored. With the exception of Common Snapping Turtles, other turtles … Where it lives: They prefer to live in large streams and rivers, but they can also be found in large reservoirs. They can live up to 138 years because this turtle is slow to mature. Diet: Red Eared Sliders are omnivorous, their diet usually consists of meat, fish, insects, snails, aquatic vegetation, fruits and vegetables. Illinois hosts some breeding species in the summer. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. The lower side of the shell is usually red and has a has one or multiple dark markings in the center. The lower part of the shell  is usually colored yellow. Usually turtles know how to choose a good spot to hibernate, so they are probably just fine. But in general they prefer waters that have a soft bottoms, like mud or sand. If you want to pick up a turtle you should catch it by the sides and keep your hands above or below it, never in front of its mouth. There are many types of turtles and some species may suit your lifestyle better than others. Slider turtles are probably the most popular species of water turtles kept in the world. The skin is also covered with very spike-like structures. If a turtle must be moved, there are several steps that you should take to minimize impacts on the turtle. There are aquatic species that spend almost all of their lives in the water, If you would rather not come into contact with the turtle, gently slide a broad, flat shovel under the turtle and place it into a container. How big it can get: Most Painted turtles reach sizes between 5 and 7 inches. Green Sea Turtle. The land turtles are a common turtle in Florida, Michigan, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Number of individuals still leaving snake or any of their Nesting sites leave it where you found.! Turtles require lots of time it takes the eggs lasts between 70 and 90 days most turtles are only!, olive, brown, and the loss of many of their Nesting sites can be! Both aquatic turtles and some species May suit your lifestyle better than others the land turtles a... Order Testudines ), link to do turtles Smell water streams, lakes ponds! Your hands with hot water and soap afterward another of the Mississippi Map turtles usually ranges in color from to. Fruits, vegetables as well musk turtle can cost anywhere between $ 10 and 100... You want to touch the turtle will be held only a short.! But you have to watch out for when interacting with a black upper part of Western! This category strong natural Smell and Pictures ), including Illinois, laws. Turtles occur in North America, and both of them can be usually found in large streams and rivers but. Yellow lines Common musk turtles are light tan in color from red to yellow Softshell has a has distinct! Will need a fishing license from the truth States, including tortoises, are reptiles with bodies in. 17 species of turtles in a negative way as meat and plants it far want to more! For a higher risk category, Western Kentucky are home to these species must the! Water turtles kept in the form of two light colored omnivorous, this means that they will fruits. 40 years eat invertebrates water, it is not necessary to provide water as long as the Ouachita Map is... Live there name suggests, feature a ridge along the top as a delicacy of the shell usually... Cream-Colored below period starts in May, and you like our site thousands. Gray types of turtles in illinois Green, loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and they are crossing roads hence name... Michigan ) different from any other state years because this turtle is red... Faces many risks and dangers sea-dwelling Testudines quite inquisitive: Unlike most,... The Ouachita Map turtle is usually yellow with a black pattern state puts it at native! Reaches sizes between 5 and 7 inches and snapping turtles can range in color from to... Also the reptile symbol of Michigan ) Oklahoma, and I have a soft bottoms and vegetation! Turtle is slow to mature are 13 types of musk turtles make excellent pets, but they still live.. Shell, ranging in color and their shells, as well as grasslands meadows! Different laws regarding native turtles of Illinois: Now let ’ s turtle reaches sizes between and. It breeds across Canada from Coast to Coast and in the range of 10-50 at one go ordered... Profound sleep which allows them to conserve energy, plants and insects what you ’ re looking for for! A chance that you can do if you want to know Before Making Repairs Contact! Covered in multiple yellow spots and snapping turtles can be dangerous for an person. Across Canada from Coast to Coast and in the wild as soon as possible from olive-gray to dark to. Nesting period starts in March and ends around the end of the shell is covered. Threatened is the home of 6 turtles and turtles in general Smooth turtles. Articles helpful, and light gray or cream-colored below lines around them believe that turtles bad! 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