types of turtles in illinois

Diet: Eastern Spiny softshells are carnivorous. The lower side of the shell is usually plain yellow, but in some cases there can be small colored spots. The skin is usually dark brown or black with yellow, orange or red lines. How long it can live: Between 50 and 100 years. Another of the different types of turtles that are threatened is the loggerhead sea turtle. The female produce eggs in the range of 10-50 at one go. When choosing a turtle make sure you know how big they will grow. Reproduction: Nesting season starts in March and ends in Late May, early June. Description: The most distinct feature of the Red Eared Slider are the red lines that can be easily seen behind the eyes, those lines can vary in color from red to orange and rarely yellow, but in most cases they are red. Most states, including Illinois, have laws that protect wild native turtles. Turtles can do a lot of good things to an area, they can keep certain insect populations under control, they can eat the overwhelming vegetation, of a lake, that got out of control, and there are a lot of other beneficial things that they can do. Their preferred prey includes fish, crayfish, and other aquatic invertebrates. Mud turtles generally live for about 30 years but can live to be 50 with the right care. There are 17 species of turtles in Illinois, 14 in Southern Illinois. The shell has one distinct feature and that is a ridge that traverses the entire length of the shell. Scutes may contain a beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun's rays. In the case of younger individuals well defined round spots can be observed on the shell, in the case of adults those spots are not very visible. So if you touch a turtle make sure that you have some wet wipes near you, if you don’t you should probably avoid touching it. Diet: They are omnivorous, this means that their diet is made out of a variety of things like: meat, fish, insects, snails, fruits, vegetables, and aquatic vegetation. The colors usually range from olive-gray to yellow-brown. Diet: Smooth softshell turtles are omnivores, but they definitely prefer meat over plants, so in general they will consume meat, insects, snails, and fish, and occasionally they will eat some fruits, vegetables and other kinds of vegetation. How big it can get: Most Box turtles reach sizes between 5 and 7 inches. You can check out the laws of Illinois on this page: Turtle State Laws. Another distinguishable feature of the Common Musk turtle can be found on its head in the form of two light colored stripes. Albino slider turtles … Female turtles are often struck while searching for nest sites during the spring and summer months, and turtles of all ages and both sexes are struck when they migrate between water sources during the late summer and fall. How long it can live: Between 30 and 50 years. It is illegal to take turtles from the La Rue-Pine Hills/Otter Pond Research Area in Union County. Illinois Natural History Survey. Generally turtles are peaceful creatures, but if they think that they are in danger and they have no way of escaping, then they will definitely try to bite you. Diet: Omnivorous. But those turtle species are not distributed evenly, so most states won’t always be home to the same turtle species, even if they are very close. All turtle traps must have a functional escape hole provided with a minimum diameter in all directions of 7-1/2 inches to allow passage of fish and small turtles. The upper shell has lies that sometimes form a web-like pattern and may or may not have blotches, this is where it gets the name False Map Turtle because the lines form a sort of map across the shell, but not like map turtles have. If you want to feed the turtle , you can definitely do that, that would actually be great, but make sure that you are feeding it the right thing, some foods can be very dangerous to turtles, to find out which food items are good and which are bad you can always check out this article where you will also find a few food items lists: What Do Turtles Eat ? How big it can get: Red Eared Sliders usually reach sizes between 7 and 12 inches, in most cases the females are slightly bigger than the males. Incubation usually lasts between 70 and 100 days. THe lower part of the shell is usually yellow, orange or red with a black pattern. Turtles are incredibly unique vertebrates, comprised of between 300 and 400 different species (the exact number is contested), and these belong to three groups that are often mistakenly spoken about interchangeably: true turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. Alien species can be added to an area to help with certain ecological problems, or by mistake. Spotted, snapping and Blanding's turtles lay eggs once per year. If you don’t know what the species is, click on the text to work through the key. Some small species include the Eastern Box, Southern Painted, Diamondback Terrapins, Spotted and Bog Turtles. In general, the color of their skin and shell can range from brown to black, and their skin is covered with yellow stripes. KY state is located in the southern United States and is bordered by Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois to the north, Tennessee to the south, Virginia and West Virginia to the east, and Missouri to the west. But if you have a question about something that you couldn’t find in the article you should leave a comment, I will do my best to answer it as soon as possible. Description: The color of the shell is usually  olive, brown, or black with dark blotches that have yellow lines around them. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. Their carapace can include shades of black, gray, green, brown, or yellow. You have to remember that most wild animals can carry bacteria, and since turtles spend a lot of time in water those bacteria can be a little more dangerous. Quick Note: In this list I am also going to tell you the conservation status of the species, meaning how close they are to extinction. The color of the skin tends to be dark brown or black, with two wide and irregular yellow stripes along each side of the head and neck. Illinois is home to 21 turtle species. In Illinois, the rabbits live in open and wooded areas in rural and urban settings. The lower part of the shell is usually yellow with a multitude of black patterns. How Much Do Turtles Cost? The biggest problems facing the loggerhead are entanglement in commercial gear for fishing and the loss of many of their nesting sites. Welcome to the site and we hope you find what you’re looking for. The upper side of the skin is usually black and covered with spots just like the upper part of the shell, while the lower part of the skin is colored just like the underside of the shell, yellow, orange or red. The amount of time it takes the eggs to hatch is around 80 days. Every year TurlteOwner.com makes the world a better place for thousands of pet turtles, but right now we are having trouble keeping the site online. Be careful not to be scratched by the nails on the turtle’s hind feet. So they can be typically be seen in marshes, creeks, small lakes, and ponds. Illinois snakes are a collecton of contradictions. Turtles don’t have a strong natural smell. The United States is home to more turtle species than any other country in the world, almost 100 species and subspecies. You are most likely to see turtles out and about between May and October. There are 7 species of sea turtles throughout the entire world. Diet: Painted turtles are omnivorous, this means that they will eat fruits, vegetables as well as meat. Turtles In Kentucky. Alligator snapping turtles are found only in the United States. Female aquatic turtles and box turtles may nest in mulch and flowerbeds. How long it can live: Between 60 and 80 years. Alligator Snapping Turtle also possess one of the snapping turtles distinct features, a sharp beak. Description: The Eastern Box Turtles have a very dome-like shaped shell that ranges in color from brown to black. Reproduction: Nesting season usually starts in late May and lasts until August. A light stripe bordered by black is usually present behind each eye. If you see a photo that looks like the species you saw, then you can click on the photo to get information about that particular species. Required fields are marked *. The smallest turtle in the region is the musk turtle, averaging about 3-4 inches. Description: The color of the Western Painted Turtles usually ranges from dark olive to black. Snapping turtles can be dangerous for an inexperienced person to handle. Since a lot of those laws are about the native species I strongly suggest you to visit this interactive map that will point you to an article on this site that explains as simply as possible the state laws in Illinois regarding turtles, tortoises and terrapins. If the rescuer cannot find water nearby, and the female turtle has released water, the turtle should be placed in a container of shallow water for a couple of hours before being released. If you would rather not come into contact with the turtle, gently slide a broad, flat shovel under the turtle and place it into a container. The skin is usually covered with yellow stripes. Their diet consists of mussels, plants and insects. The bottom of the shell is usually colored yellow. Turtles can be highly aquatic (staying in water most of their lives) or semi-aquatic. Green Sea Turtle. If you want to take the turtle home as a pet, you first have to make sure that it’s legal to do so. The incubation usually lasts between 70 and 100 days. They also nest in exposed sand or soil in yards, along railroad tracks and trails edges, in agricultural fields, and in crushed limestone trails, especially if these areas are near permanent water. On average the incubation period for the eggs lasts between 80 and 100 days. Description: The Mississippi Mud Turtle has an upper shell that is usually colored dark brown or black. The lower part of the shell is usually a yellow. How long it can live: Between  30 and 50 years. It is not necessary to provide water as long as the turtle will be held only a short time. If you want to touch the turtle you can usually do that, but you have to take a few cautionary measures. How long it can live: Between 40 and 60 years. If you must handle a snapping turtle, always keep your hands on the hind legs or on the very rear portion of its shell. The color will usually range from olive-gray to dark brown. One female can have up to 25 offspring in a single year. Diet: They are omnivorous, this means that they eat both meat and plants. The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. The most important thing that you have to watch out for when interacting with a wild turtle is the turtle trying to bite you. Those species are usually brought to that region by humans. How big it can get: Common Musk turtles are very small, they usually reach sizes between 3 and 4.5 inches. Most Commonly-seen Freshwater Turtles in California There are very few species of turtles found in California, so if you see one at the edge of a pond or stream in the majority of the state, it is almost always one of the following three species. Illinois designated the painted turtle (Chrysemys picta) as the official state reptile in 2005 (also the reptile symbol of Michigan). Several types of musk turtles make excellent pets, but the razorback musk turtle is the most popular. Description: The Mississippi Map Turtle is usually colored, olive, brown or black. The lower side of the carapace is also very plain, but it’s usually a little lighter than the upper part. Two kinds of snapping turtles occur in North America, and both of them can be found in Illinois. There are aquatic species that spend almost all of their lives in the water, When young, they are carnivorous, but as adults, they eat seaweeds and seagrass. The skin of the Midland Painted turtle is usually covered with lines that are yellow near the head, and then changing to red. With this system species are classified  into nine groups set through criteria such as rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation. Green turtles are also known as the Green sea turtle, while their scientific name is Chelonia mydas. On the upper part of the shell they have a map-like pattern that is lightly colored, and a row of saw-toothed knobs running down the center of the shell. Illinois State Laws Regarding Turtles. Reproduction: The nesting period starts in May and ends in July. Quick Note: Most turtle subspecies are very similar, so besides some few differences in color it’s possible that everything else about them to be the same. All State Reptiles An election for favorite state reptile was conducted on the Internet in 2004 (other candidates considered were the eastern box turtle and the common garter snake ). How long it can live: Between 30 and 40 years. So they can be usually seen in rivers, slow moving streams, lakes and ponds. Besides the shape of the shell, the other most recognizable element is the pattern of the shell and skin, the pattern of the Eastern Box turtles can vary from individual to individual but it can usually be described as a lot of spots or blobs, that are colored yellow, red or orange. Most Illinois turtles lay oval eggs, but softshells and snapping turtles lay spherical eggs. The upper part of the shell is usually colored dark brown or black. Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. Where it lives: In general Spotted turtles can be found in marshes, wet meadows, swamps, bogs, and shallow borders of ponds, lakes and streams. Additionally, curbs along roads and parking lots and railroad tracks can trap turtles. What are their breeding habits? Description: The Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle is a rather plain looking softshell turtle. How big it can get: Most of them reach sizes between 8 and 12 inches, but it’s not uncommon to find females that reach sizes bigger than that, sometimes even 15 inches. It is best to grab the snapping turtle by its hind legs (one in each hand) and use them as handles. Identification. Diet: Mud turtles are omnivorous, this means that they will eat meat, snails, fish, insects, as well as fruits, vegetables, and other kinds of vegetation. If you are a nonresident of Iowa you can only take common snapping turtles, softshells and painted turtles from the Missouri, Mississippi and Big Sioux rivers. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. There are a lot of systems that track the conservation status of a species, but the most well known and used is the one I used in this article, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This is because they are really easy to care for, and they are very cost-effective. (With 20 Examples and Pictures). Description: The Eastern Spiny Softshell has a leather like shell that is very round and flattened, when comparing it to other turtles. Reproduction: Nesting season starts in March and ends in June. Five of the seven are found in Florida: Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and Kemp’s Ridley. Status: Endangered. In this article I am going to take a closer look at each species and cover a few basic things about them, things like the appearance, lifespan, how big it can get, diet, where it lives, conservation status and reproduction. Reproduction: Nesting season starts in May and ends July. We are a passionate group of writers and researchers who write about pet turtles and turtles in general. Adding a turtle to your home can be a great way to gain a new pet that will be with you for years.There are hundreds of turtle types, though, ranging from sea turtles to snapping turtles and much, much more. Many are crushed by vehicles while they are crossing roads. If you have questions about reptiles or amphibians in Illinois, you can contact Scott Ballard, Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Southern Region Endangered and Threatened Recovery Species Specialist/Herpetologist, at Scott.Ballard@Illinois.gov or 618-694-3398. Description: The Midland Painted Turtle have a dark colored skin and shell, ranging in color from dark brown to black. 7 Missouri’s Turtles Stinkpot (Common Musk Turtle) Sternotherus odoratus This is Missouri’s smallest species and one of the world’s smallest turtles. Least concern (LC) – Lowest risk; does not qualify for a higher risk category. Personal possession limits also exist for any native species of amphibian or reptile. Usually turtles know how to choose a good spot to hibernate, so they are probably just fine. Place the turtle in a container or box. Illinois hosts some breeding species in the summer. Diet: In general they prefer fruits, vegetables and other forms of vegetation over meat, but they can be occasionally seen eating insects and snails. This is a list of turtles, ordered alphabetically and grouped by Reproduction: Map turtles usually nest multiple times a year from the start of the spring up until the end of the summer. So they can be usually found in lakes, swamps, marshes, and rivers. The scientific name of this turtle is Terrapene Carolina Carolina. A lot of people believe that turtles smell bad, but this couldn’t be farther from the truth. The bottom part of the shell is usually light colored. Like most softshell turtle they also have a snorkel-like snout. ( Including Food Lists ), Extinct (EX) – No known living individuals, Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range, Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild, Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild, Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild, Near threatened (NT) – Likely to become endangered in the near future. For example the plastic in the water is greatly impacting sea turtles in a negative way. The skin of the Hieroglyphic River Cooter is usually covered with pronounced stripes tah can range in color from yellow to orange to red. Chelydra serpentina: Snapping Turtle: Macrochelys temminckii: Alligator Snapping Turtle: Chrysemys picta: Painted Turtle: Clemmys guttata: Spotted Turtle Where it lives: The alligator snapping turtle can usually be found  at the bottom of rivers, lakes, sloughs, swamps and bayous. When turtles hibernate, they enter a very profound sleep which allows them to conserve energy. The lower part of the shell is usually yellow with a rich mottling of brown. They can live up to 138 years because this turtle is slow to mature. Where it lives: Unlike most turtles, Box turtles live on land instead of water. If a female expels water, it is best to return her to the closest area near standing water. But if you still want to, at least try not to put your hands near your face after you touched the turtle. Mating of this species takes place yearly. There are 13 types of turtles in Kentucky from different categories including both aquatic turtles and terrestrial turtles. Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria. These beautiful types of turtles were once regarded as a delicacy of the sea. link to How Much Do Turtles Cost? Every state in the US has different laws regarding native turtles and turtles in general. With so many options, choosing a pet turtle can be overwhelming. If you want to take a few photos from a distance, you can definitely do that. If during a cold season you find a turtle that is hibernating, usually the best thing that you can do is to leave it to hibernate peacefully. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. Where it lives: They are often found in slow-moving streams, creeks, lakes, ponds and marshes with a fresh and warm water supply. Painted turtles nest up to three times a year between mid-May and July, The head and limbs are olive or gray above, and light gray or cream-colored below. Diet: Box turtles are omnivorous, so they will eat anything that they can find, meat, insects, fruits, vegetables, and any kind of vegetation. The whole process takes one-two months. Various Types of Turtles. Though he is one of the more abundant of the sea turtles, he still faces many risks and dangers. Most Illinois turtles lay oval eggs, but softshells and snapping turtles lay spherical eggs. East Texas, western Illinois, Southern Indiana, Western Kentucky are home to these species. If you must move the turtle, don’t move it far. Red eared slider turtles, the most popular are available in quite a few slider turtle morphs for sale. There are many types of turtles and some species may suit your lifestyle better than others. What to Expect and How to Prevent. If you find our articles helpful, and you like our site we would like to ask for your help. It is best to allow turtle eggs to incubate and hatch (60 to 90 days depending on the turtle species) where the female laid them. Out of the nine classifications, two of them basically mean that there is not enough data on the species, so you will usually see only seven possible status instead of nine. The skin of the False Map Turtle is usually covered with thin yellow-white stripes. They usually hunt their prey, but not actively, they do this by sitting at the bottom of the lake with their mouth open, while waiting for their prey. (With 20 Examples and Pictures), link to Do Turtles Smell? How long it can live: Between 20 and 30 years. The lower part of the shell  is usually colored yellow. Turtles in Illinois include common snappers, a few alligator snappers (in the Mississippi river system), western and midland painted turtles, red-eared sliders, eastern and three-toed box turtles (and I think there are some western box turtles in a small part of Illinois, on the part that goes with the Great Plains, though I might be wrong on that), and some kinds of mud, musk, and map turtles. How big it can get: There is a huge difference in size between males and females. Males have a red crown and throat. Where it lives: All Painted turtles subspecies prefer to live in freshwater, and they can be usually found in slow moving rivers, ponds, and lakes. If a turtle must be moved, there are several steps that you should take to minimize impacts on the turtle. On the one hand, the thirty eight species recorded in the state puts it at the above average range for snake diversity. turtles have a depressed, smooth shell with brightly colored patterns on the lower shell. They eat various types of vegetation, such as grass and dandelions, and will take garden crops, says the U of I. Description: The Common Musk Turtle has a very plain appearance with very consistent colors. The color of the skin is usually the same color as the upper part of the shell. Where it lives: Map turtles can be found in waters that are stagnant or slow moving, and that have a lot of vegetation. Colloquially, the word "turtle" is generally restricted to fresh-water and sea-dwelling Testudines. Where it lives: They can be found in most water bodies, but they show a preference towards areas with a sandy or muddy substrate. Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction. On the other hand, that diversity is a bit misleading because Illinois also lists populations of eleven species as either threatened or endangered. They feed primarily on aquatic vegetation and invertebrates, but will also eat invertebrates. How big it can get: Spotted turtles are one of the smallest turtle species in the US, usually it only reaches sizes between 3 and 4 inches. From a layman’s point of view, terms like order, sub-order, genus, binomial name, etc., are bound to cause confusion. Smaller turtles can be lifted safely with one or two hands from the back (tail end) of the shell. Turtles may be mauled by domestic pets or mishandled by curious children and adults. Razorback Musk Turtles. The skin is also covered with very spike-like structures. On the upper part of the shell they also have a small vertebral keel. What you can do if you find a native wild turtle really depends on your intentions. The lower part of the shell is usually colored yellow, hence the name Yellow Mud Turtle. It breeds across Canada from Coast to Coast and in the winter returns to most forested areas west of the Rocky Mountains. The upper shell has a pattern that is similar to a map, hence the name Ouachita Map Turtle. You can support our site and thousands of other turtle owners by contributing with a small donation. The average time an egg needs to incubate is 75 days. How long it can live: Between 20 and 40 years. Turtles are one of the most popular house pets in the world. Every state in the US has different laws regarding native turtles and turtles in general. Illinois … Your email address will not be published. The lower part of the shell  is usually colored yellow. Reproduction: Nesting period starts in May, and ends around the end of July. And always wash your hands with hot water and soap afterward. How big it can get: They usually reach sizes between 5 and 7 inches. Firmly grasp the shell from the top and bottom of the shell with the fingers and lift the turtle. Baby slider turtles for sale are cheap, easy to care for, and quite inquisitive. Alligator snappers, which most people will never see, are listed as endangered, and they inhabit only larger rivers and streams in the southern part of the state, the Mississippi, Ohio and Wabash Rivers, and tributaries directly connected to them. The upper part of the shell is covered with a red or orange pattern that resembles hieroglyphs, hence the name Hieroglyphic River Cooter. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. Laws About Wild Turtles in Illinois . , click on the back, as well and snapping turtles occur in North America, and inquisitive. Small lakes, and other aquatic invertebrates the plastic in the water greatly... 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