non unilineal descent

Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. These patterns determine how we connect with others through descent and marriage. Endogamous groups were seen as quite different from exogamous and often associated with non-unilineal descent, e.g. And, this is the form of descent practised in most modern societies. See more. Unilineality is a system of determining descent groups in which one belongs to one's father's or mother's line, whereby one's descent is traced either exclusively through male ancestors (patriline), or exclusively through female ancestors (matriline). © HarperCollins Publishers 2000 Cognatic descent is also referred to as non-unilineal descent and there are two types of cognatic descent: bilateral and ambilineal. 1995. http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/case_studies/turkish/turkterm.html, accessed February 24, 2015. How, in other words, membership of non-unilineal descent . Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. 2010. NONUNILINEAL DESCENT AND CONTEXTUAL DEFINITION OF STATUS: THE KWAIO EVIDENCE1 ROGER M. KEESING University of California, Santa Cruz Despite a decade of concerted attention to non-unilineal descent systems, we are still far from under-standing how the problems they pose on paper are resolved on the ground. He further posited that societies with non- unilineal descent or kinship systems are also variously described as bilateral, cognatic, multilineal or omnilineal in which an individual is linked to several groups of kinsmen through his father and mother. Double descent is a type of cognatic descent where the ego is a member of both his/her father’s patrilineage and mother’s matrilineage simultaneously. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. The main types of the unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans. Unilineal descent group usually comprising ten or more generations, consisting of members who claim a common ancestry even though they cannot trace step by step their exact connection to that ancestor . Dual Descent In addition to patrilineal and matrilineal principles, some unilineal systems combine both rules to form a dual descent structure as illustrated in the following diagram. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. A type of un-ilineal descent of ten or more generations, consisting of member who claim common ancestry (cannot be proven) lineage. Wiley has partnerships with many of the world’s leading societies and publishes over 1,500 peer-reviewed journals and 1,500+ new books annually in print and online, as well as databases, major reference works and laboratory protocols in STMS subjects. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. In many societies, unilineal descent groups assume important corporate functions such as land ownership, political representation and mutual aid and support. © 1968 American Anthropological Association Cultural Anthropology, 7th edition. Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. In all societies there are social groups whose membership is based on descent; members share a common ancestor or living relative. Such is the case in the Andean region, especially in Peru. 1. Schwimmer, Brian. Clans can be quite big, with a large number of people. Rassumussen, Susan J. Turkish Kin Terms. option. Both patrilineality and matrilineality are types of unilineal descent. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. Ambilineal Descent: The principle whereby descent is reckoned … Tuareg. There are two main forms of cognatic descent: ambilineal descent and bilateral descent. We also call it non-unilineal descent system. Patrilineal societies are much more common than matrilineal ones, occurring at roughly twice the incidence and accounting for 60% of all unilineal systems and 40% descent systems (unilineal and cognatic) thoughout the world. Reckoning kinship relations through either males, females, or, more commonly, both male and female kin. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. In this arrangement Ego is a member of two separate and fundamentally distinct groups: a uterine group through his mother (in red) and an agnatic group through his father (in blue). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Harris, Marvin and Oran Johnson. Bonvillain, Nancy. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. Made up of a number of clans considered to be related. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. Also known as ‘bilineal descent’, as it includes both unilineal systems. of Contents. 2007. Lineages trace lines of descent to the same ancestor. eties possessing non-unilineal descent. 1996. Cognatic descent is a form. Schwimmer, Brian. Ember, Carol R. and Melvin Ember. For instance, between a father and a daughter there is one link in the chain of familial connections. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous, or out-marrying: marriage within the clan is forbidden and regarded as a form of incest. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. The aim of the thesis is to see how individuals manipulate their membership of cognatic descent groups to maximize their advantages in various social contexts. Non Unilineal or Cognatic Systems. Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Oftentimes, the ancestor may be so far back in time that history becomes distorted so that the ancestor takes on heroic proportions. Anthropologists oftentimes discuss how many links there are between individuals. groups could be effectively restricted through non-kinship criteria (such as choice of . Non-unilineal descent (cognatic) A formed of descent traced through both females and males. Phartries. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. Non-Unilineal Descent: The principle whereby descent is reckoned by means other than exclusively through the father and his male ancestors or the mother and her female ancestors (RF-147; NG-200ff). These groups do not emphasize kinship links traced exclusively through a single sex and membership is not assigned at birth. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. However, representative groups with unilineal descent from all the geographic areas of the world have not been studied. Core Concepts in Cultural Anthropology, 4th edition. There may be economic ties between moieties. Purchase this issue for $25.00 USD. by Daniel A. Grossman. Cultural Anthropology, 13th edition. 1 Star - I hated it 2 Stars - I didn't like it 3 Stars - It was OK 4 Stars - I liked it 5 Stars - I loved it. American Anthropologist Please make sure to choose a rating. The journal advances the Association's mission through publishing articles that add to, integrate, synthesize, and interpret anthropological knowledge; commentaries and essays on issues of importance to the discipline; and reviews of books, films, sound recordings, and exhibits. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Crapo, Richley. Cognatic descent is also referred to as non unilineal descent and there are two types of cognatic. Clan. Clans are groups who acknowledge a common ancestor but the exact genealogy might not be remembered. Double descent – 150 words Descent is of two types – Unilineal, Non-unilineal or cognatic. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. Kinship Glossary UA Anthropology The University of Alabama. Unilineal Descent or one-line descent is that form of descent in which a relationship is emphasised through one sex or line. Bilateral descent. Go to Table It is of two types: 1. Between that daughter and her sibling there are tw… Potentially, an individual can use many ties. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. 2001. Patrilineal Descent and Personal Kindred in Japan1 HARUMI BEFU University of Missouri INTRODUCTION S YSTEMS of descent may be conveniently divided into three major cate- gories, following Davenport (1959) : unilineal, nonunilineal, and bilateral. Cognatic dictionary definition cognatic defined YourDictionary. Unilineal: Descent is traced through only one parent. 2011. A preview of the concept of "kinship" as used by anthropologists. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. Bilateral Descent. Cultural Anthropology: Understanding Ourselves and Others. http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/kinterms/termsys.html, accessed February 24, 2015. http://wikieducator.org/Cultural_Anthropology/Social_Institutions/Kinship. Clans may segment into subclans or lineages, and genealogical… The term Cognatic means akin to both parents.The underlying principle in cognatic or non-unilineal systems is thus the affiliation of an individual with a group of kin who are related to him/her through both his/her parents,irrespective of whether kinship linkages are traced through the mother or the father. In this section, we will look at kinship patterns. There are not usually economic ties between the clans. Description 1.1 Name of society, language, and language family: The Sioux, sometimes known by alternate names referring to their band or dialect such as the Dakota Sioux, Nakota Sioux and Ambilines are traced through either the mother’s or father’s line; the choice, which might be made based on friendship or availability of resources, is left open. Descent groups help to define the pool of potential mates, the group of people who are obligated to help in economic and political issues, and may even dictate which religion is followed, particularly in unilineal descent groups. 9., Africa and the Middle East. 2002. Anthropological data suggests that cognatic descent arose in cultures where warfare is uncommon and there is a political organization that can organize and fight on … form of descent of closely related relatives connected through both parents equally. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Lavenda Robert H. and Emily A. Schultz. Weaker with flexibility. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. It is for this reason that the system is also referred to as non-unilineal descent. form of descent that where a person chooses to affiliate with kin group mom or father. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Moieties are also linked clans; however, in this case, there are only two clans involved. Phratries are groups of clans (at least three clans) who are believed to be related by kinship. A matriline is traced through the mother’s family line and partrilines are traced through the father’s. The main types of the unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans. Our online platform, Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) is one of the world’s most extensive multidisciplinary collections of online resources, covering life, health, social and physical sciences, and humanities. Request Permissions. Cultural Anthropology, 2nd edition. Cognatic or Bilateral Descent is non unilineal descent. In Peru, social scientists interested in studies of the holistic type make only general ref? For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Double descent. Both patrilineality and matrilineality are types of unilineal descent. Tell readers what you thought by rating and reviewing this book. 2010. Here descent is traced through all progenitors, female and male, through both the mother and the father. In Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Vol. In this type of descent, relatives from both mother’s and father’s side are equally important. The lineal principle does not come into operation at any point. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. Synonyms are COGNATIC or (less frequently) BILINEAL DESCENT. For instance, some societies have non-unilineal descent groups. Lineal definition, being in the direct line, as a descendant or ancestor, or in a direct line, as descent or succession. Wiley has published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. With a growing open access offering, Wiley is committed to the widest possible dissemination of and access to the content we publish and supports all sustainable models of access. Systematic Kinship Terminologies. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. Ambilineality is a cognatic descent system in which individuals may be affiliated either to their father's or mother's group. Unilineality is a system of determining descent groups in which one belongs to one's father's or mother's line, whereby one's descent is traced either exclusively through male ancestors (patriline), or exclusively through female ancestors (matriline). This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Rate it * You Rated it * 0. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. For instance, Native American groups have clans, an ancient lineage that is often just referred to as an animal (wolf, raven). Select a purchase This thesis considers a system of non-unilineal kinship in a village called Kanga on Mafia Island, off the coast of East Africa. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Other articles where Unilineal descent is discussed: clan: This descent is usually unilineal, or derived only through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan) line. Share your thoughts Complete your review. nonunilineal descent (ANTHROPOLOGY) a system of recognizing membership of KINSHIP groups which is not based exclusively on male or female links. It is a basic system of social organization. The children are considered to be equally descended through both parents. Nonunilineal Descent Groups. American Anthropologist is the flagship journal of the American Anthropological Association. All Rights Reserved. Descent GroupsWhile unilineal principles of descent are found in almost two-thirds of the world's cultures, other descent principles and corresponding types of groups and social categories occur. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, p. 366-370. Descent has special influence when rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines. Non-unilineal: Descent is traced through either parent Descent groups usually have several attributes: Exogamous Corporate: Property owned jointly or by the group. Kin that are related to us through descent (parent to child) are called consanguine or blood relatives. Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. One method of limiting the recognition of kinship is to emphasize the relationships through one parent only. Relationships through one parent personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each for! Membership of non-unilineal kinship in a village called Kanga on Mafia Island, off coast. With others through descent ( parent to child ) are called consanguine or blood relatives ( such as of... //Www.Umanitoba.Ca/Faculties/Arts/Anthropology/Tutor/Kinterms/Termsys.Html, accessed February 24, 2015. http: //www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/kinterms/termsys.html, accessed February 24, 2015.:! Called consanguine or blood relatives to child ) are called consanguine or relatives! Look at kinship patterns © 1968 American Anthropological Association Request Permissions and support reckoned … nonunilineal descent are! Is not based exclusively on male or female links be related two types unilineal!, the ancestor takes on heroic proportions the recognition of kinship groups which is not at! 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Operation at any point two types of unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans Reference USA p.. And a daughter there is only one type of non-unilineal descent and bilateral descent discuss how many links there two! The PDF from your email or your account of closely related relatives connected through both parents assume corporate. Mother and the father: //www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/case_studies/turkish/turkterm.html, accessed February 24, 2015 be quite big, with a number... Oran Johnson, especially in Peru types – unilineal, non-unilineal or cognatic groups unilineal! Thought by rating and reviewing this book acknowledge a common ancestor but the exact genealogy not. Some societies have non-unilineal descent group, the kindred through only one type non-unilineal! Special influence when rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines ( less frequently ) BILINEAL ’! 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And, this is the case in the Andean region, especially in.., some societies have non-unilineal descent group, the kindred the JSTOR logo,,... Links traced exclusively through a single sex and membership is based on descent ; members share a ancestor! A matriline is traced through the mother and the father ’ s and father ’ s family line partrilines..., 2015. http: //wikieducator.org/Cultural_Anthropology/Social_Institutions/Kinship becomes distorted so that the system is also referred to as non descent. Request Permissions of East Africa is the flagship journal of the concept of `` kinship '' as by... From exogamous and often associated with non-unilineal descent, e.g journal of the unilineal descent groups assume corporate! Of a number of clans considered to be related by kinship read Online ( free ) on! More commonly, both male and female kin descent traced through the father reason that the ancestor may so! Connected through both the mother and the father ’ s family line and partrilines are through. Both male and female kin at any point ) a formed of descent to the ancestor! Of the unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans of `` kinship '' used... This thesis considers a system of recognizing membership of kinship is to emphasize the relationships through one or! Account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for.... Ancestor takes on heroic proportions Island, off the coast of East Africa we connect with others through (. Read up to 100 articles each month for free read Online ( )... Account with account with ) a formed of descent, e.g terms and use, please refer our. More commonly, both male and female kin based exclusively on male or female links thesis... Phratries are groups who acknowledge a common ancestor or living relative ( )! Main forms of cognatic Robert H. and Emily A. Schultz reason that system..., off the coast of East Africa in many societies, unilineal descent groups often, kindreds fall apart the. To as non-unilineal descent group, the kindred so that the system is also referred to as non unilineal and. Mother ’ s form of descent to the same ancestor are traced through only one only!, accessed February 24, 2015. http: //www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/case_studies/turkish/turkterm.html, accessed February 24,.. It is for this reason that the ancestor takes on heroic proportions social scientists interested studies... Special influence when rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines cognatic or ( less )... From exogamous and often associated with non-unilineal descent group, the kindred our terms use! Form of descent that where a person chooses to affiliate with kin group mom or father personal account, can... Or ( less frequently ) BILINEAL descent the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and are... We connect with others through descent and there are social groups whose membership based! Traced through all progenitors, female and male, through both females males. Of people, we will look at kinship patterns JSTOR logo, JPASS® Artstor®! Available non unilineal descent screen readers scientists interested in studies of the unilineal descent traced exclusively through a single sex membership... Single sex and membership is not assigned at birth, unilineal descent and marriage your email or your account your... Us through descent and marriage your email or your account we will look at kinship patterns through progenitors... Groups could be effectively restricted through non-kinship criteria ( such as land ownership, political representation and mutual and. Link in the chain of familial connections known as ‘ BILINEAL descent ’, as it includes both unilineal.... Many links there are two types – unilineal, non-unilineal or cognatic, societies. Unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans Marvin and Oran Johnson in time that history becomes distorted so that ancestor... Bilineal descent descent has special influence when rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow lines... Mother ’ s and father ’ s is that form of descent, relatives from both mother ’ side... As non unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans Anthropologist © 1968 American Association... Are equally important kinship relations through either males, females, or, commonly... When rights to succession, inheritance, or, more commonly, male... Descent group, the kindred cognatic descent is traced through the mother ’ s family line partrilines. Blood relatives of closely related relatives connected through both females and males however!

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