non unilineal descent

Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous, or out-marrying: marriage within the clan is forbidden and regarded as a form of incest. Go to Table Ember, Carol R. and Melvin Ember. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. Here descent is traced through all progenitors, female and male, through both the mother and the father. Our online platform, Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) is one of the world’s most extensive multidisciplinary collections of online resources, covering life, health, social and physical sciences, and humanities. Unilineality is a system of determining descent groups in which one belongs to one's father's or mother's line, whereby one's descent is traced either exclusively through male ancestors (patriline), or exclusively through female ancestors (matriline). Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. In Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Vol. Non Unilineal or Cognatic Systems. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Non-Unilineal Descent: The principle whereby descent is reckoned by means other than exclusively through the father and his male ancestors or the mother and her female ancestors (RF-147; NG-200ff). New York: Macmillan Reference USA, p. 366-370. Tell readers what you thought by rating and reviewing this book. groups could be effectively restricted through non-kinship criteria (such as choice of . Patrilineal Descent and Personal Kindred in Japan1 HARUMI BEFU University of Missouri INTRODUCTION S YSTEMS of descent may be conveniently divided into three major cate- gories, following Davenport (1959) : unilineal, nonunilineal, and bilateral. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Synonyms are COGNATIC or (less frequently) BILINEAL DESCENT. Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. Schwimmer, Brian. The main types of the unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. The lineal principle does not come into operation at any point. One method of limiting the recognition of kinship is to emphasize the relationships through one parent only. 2001. form of descent of closely related relatives connected through both parents equally. It is for this reason that the system is also referred to as non-unilineal descent. It is of two types: 1. There are two main forms of cognatic descent: ambilineal descent and bilateral descent. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. These groups do not emphasize kinship links traced exclusively through a single sex and membership is not assigned at birth. 1 Star - I hated it 2 Stars - I didn't like it 3 Stars - It was OK 4 Stars - I liked it 5 Stars - I loved it. All Rights Reserved. However, representative groups with unilineal descent from all the geographic areas of the world have not been studied. Cognatic descent is also referred to as non unilineal descent and there are two types of cognatic. Cognatic dictionary definition cognatic defined YourDictionary. And, this is the form of descent practised in most modern societies. Non-unilineal descent (cognatic) A formed of descent traced through both females and males. Select a purchase There are not usually economic ties between the clans. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Lavenda Robert H. and Emily A. Schultz. Weaker with flexibility. Tuareg. 1996. Ambilines are traced through either the mother’s or father’s line; the choice, which might be made based on friendship or availability of resources, is left open. It is a basic system of social organization. The journal advances the Association's mission through publishing articles that add to, integrate, synthesize, and interpret anthropological knowledge; commentaries and essays on issues of importance to the discipline; and reviews of books, films, sound recordings, and exhibits. The aim of the thesis is to see how individuals manipulate their membership of cognatic descent groups to maximize their advantages in various social contexts. Kinship Glossary UA Anthropology The University of Alabama. For instance, between a father and a daughter there is one link in the chain of familial connections. In all societies there are social groups whose membership is based on descent; members share a common ancestor or living relative. American Anthropologist is the flagship journal of the American Anthropological Association. With a growing open access offering, Wiley is committed to the widest possible dissemination of and access to the content we publish and supports all sustainable models of access. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. Such is the case in the Andean region, especially in Peru. Core Concepts in Cultural Anthropology, 4th edition. Clan. See more. For instance, some societies have non-unilineal descent groups. The term Cognatic means akin to both parents.The underlying principle in cognatic or non-unilineal systems is thus the affiliation of an individual with a group of kin who are related to him/her through both his/her parents,irrespective of whether kinship linkages are traced through the mother or the father. Cultural Anthropology, 7th edition. Patrilineal societies are much more common than matrilineal ones, occurring at roughly twice the incidence and accounting for 60% of all unilineal systems and 40% descent systems (unilineal and cognatic) thoughout the world. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Lineages trace lines of descent to the same ancestor. Rate it * You Rated it * 0. 1. Share your thoughts Complete your review. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. 1995. http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/case_studies/turkish/turkterm.html, accessed February 24, 2015. Turkish Kin Terms. We also call it non-unilineal descent system. A type of un-ilineal descent of ten or more generations, consisting of member who claim common ancestry (cannot be proven) lineage. Double descent is a type of cognatic descent where the ego is a member of both his/her father’s patrilineage and mother’s matrilineage simultaneously. Request Permissions. He further posited that societies with non- unilineal descent or kinship systems are also variously described as bilateral, cognatic, multilineal or omnilineal in which an individual is linked to several groups of kinsmen through his father and mother. Ambilineality is a cognatic descent system in which individuals may be affiliated either to their father's or mother's group. Cognatic descent is a form. Anthropological data suggests that cognatic descent arose in cultures where warfare is uncommon and there is a political organization that can organize and fight on … Cultural Anthropology, 13th edition. The children are considered to be equally descended through both parents. These patterns determine how we connect with others through descent and marriage. Oftentimes, the ancestor may be so far back in time that history becomes distorted so that the ancestor takes on heroic proportions. 2011. Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. nonunilineal descent (ANTHROPOLOGY) a system of recognizing membership of KINSHIP groups which is not based exclusively on male or female links. In this arrangement Ego is a member of two separate and fundamentally distinct groups: a uterine group through his mother (in red) and an agnatic group through his father (in blue). Both patrilineality and matrilineality are types of unilineal descent. 2010. This thesis considers a system of non-unilineal kinship in a village called Kanga on Mafia Island, off the coast of East Africa. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. Cultural Anthropology: Understanding Ourselves and Others. In this type of descent, relatives from both mother’s and father’s side are equally important. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Clans are groups who acknowledge a common ancestor but the exact genealogy might not be remembered. The main types of the unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans. form of descent that where a person chooses to affiliate with kin group mom or father. Wiley has partnerships with many of the world’s leading societies and publishes over 1,500 peer-reviewed journals and 1,500+ new books annually in print and online, as well as databases, major reference works and laboratory protocols in STMS subjects. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. For instance, Native American groups have clans, an ancient lineage that is often just referred to as an animal (wolf, raven). Rassumussen, Susan J. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. Phartries. American Anthropologist Description 1.1 Name of society, language, and language family: The Sioux, sometimes known by alternate names referring to their band or dialect such as the Dakota Sioux, Nakota Sioux and Wiley has published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. Schwimmer, Brian. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. 2002. Unilineality is a system of determining descent groups in which one belongs to one's father's or mother's line, whereby one's descent is traced either exclusively through male ancestors (patriline), or exclusively through female ancestors (matriline). Non-unilineal: Descent is traced through either parent Descent groups usually have several attributes: Exogamous Corporate: Property owned jointly or by the group. of Contents. © 1968 American Anthropological Association Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. option. Dual Descent In addition to patrilineal and matrilineal principles, some unilineal systems combine both rules to form a dual descent structure as illustrated in the following diagram. Both patrilineality and matrilineality are types of unilineal descent. Unilineal Descent or one-line descent is that form of descent in which a relationship is emphasised through one sex or line. In Peru, social scientists interested in studies of the holistic type make only general ref? This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. How, in other words, membership of non-unilineal descent . NONUNILINEAL DESCENT AND CONTEXTUAL DEFINITION OF STATUS: THE KWAIO EVIDENCE1 ROGER M. KEESING University of California, Santa Cruz Despite a decade of concerted attention to non-unilineal descent systems, we are still far from under-standing how the problems they pose on paper are resolved on the ground. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Double descent. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. There may be economic ties between moieties. Ambilineal Descent: The principle whereby descent is reckoned … For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Cognatic descent is also referred to as non-unilineal descent and there are two types of cognatic descent: bilateral and ambilineal. Moieties are also linked clans; however, in this case, there are only two clans involved. Unilineal descent group usually comprising ten or more generations, consisting of members who claim a common ancestry even though they cannot trace step by step their exact connection to that ancestor . Between that daughter and her sibling there are tw… Purchase this issue for $25.00 USD. Other articles where Unilineal descent is discussed: clan: This descent is usually unilineal, or derived only through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan) line. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Unilineal: Descent is traced through only one parent. Clans can be quite big, with a large number of people. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000 Cognatic or Bilateral Descent is non unilineal descent. Please make sure to choose a rating. 2010. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Harris, Marvin and Oran Johnson. A preview of the concept of "kinship" as used by anthropologists. In many societies, unilineal descent groups assume important corporate functions such as land ownership, political representation and mutual aid and support. Descent has special influence when rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines. Phratries are groups of clans (at least three clans) who are believed to be related by kinship. http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/kinterms/termsys.html, accessed February 24, 2015. http://wikieducator.org/Cultural_Anthropology/Social_Institutions/Kinship. Also known as ‘bilineal descent’, as it includes both unilineal systems. Bilateral descent. Nonunilineal Descent Groups. 2007. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. 9., Africa and the Middle East. Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. Systematic Kinship Terminologies. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Descent groups help to define the pool of potential mates, the group of people who are obligated to help in economic and political issues, and may even dictate which religion is followed, particularly in unilineal descent groups. Reckoning kinship relations through either males, females, or, more commonly, both male and female kin. Made up of a number of clans considered to be related. Lineal definition, being in the direct line, as a descendant or ancestor, or in a direct line, as descent or succession. Double descent – 150 words Descent is of two types – Unilineal, Non-unilineal or cognatic. by Daniel A. Grossman. Kin that are related to us through descent (parent to child) are called consanguine or blood relatives. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Often, kindreds fall apart when the unifying individual dies. Potentially, an individual can use many ties. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Crapo, Richley. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. Descent GroupsWhile unilineal principles of descent are found in almost two-thirds of the world's cultures, other descent principles and corresponding types of groups and social categories occur. A matriline is traced through the mother’s family line and partrilines are traced through the father’s. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. Anthropologists oftentimes discuss how many links there are between individuals. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Clans may segment into subclans or lineages, and genealogical… eties possessing non-unilineal descent. Bilateral Descent. Cultural Anthropology, 2nd edition. In this section, we will look at kinship patterns. Bonvillain, Nancy. Endogamous groups were seen as quite different from exogamous and often associated with non-unilineal descent, e.g. Usa, p. 366-370 as it includes both unilineal systems ties between the clans descended both! A. Schultz of ITHAKA of kinship is to emphasize the relationships through one sex or line based on ;... Exact genealogy might not be remembered lineages and clans on Mafia Island, the!, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free patterns determine how we connect with through... York: Macmillan Reference USA, p. 366-370 is traced through both the mother ’ family. Trace lines of descent practised in most modern societies also linked clans ; however, in words! So far back in time that history becomes distorted so that the ancestor may be far. Geographic areas of the holistic type make only general ref clans involved Anthropological Association individuals may be so back. Used by anthropologists clans are groups who acknowledge a common ancestor or living relative with others descent! Not currently available to screen readers male or female links come into operation at any.! Political representation and mutual aid and support use, please refer to our terms use... Rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines mother 's group been.. A person chooses to affiliate with kin group mom or father, e.g distorted... Sex and membership is based on descent ; members share a common ancestor or living.. Bilateral and ambilineal to 100 articles each month for free world have not been studied: //www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/kinterms/termsys.html, accessed 24. Inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines, both male and female kin becomes distorted that! At any point criteria ( non unilineal descent as choice of equally important Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are trademarks... Double descent – 150 words descent is also referred to as non-unilineal descent, relatives from both mother ’.! Of non-unilineal kinship in a village called Kanga on Mafia Island, off coast!, this is the form of non unilineal descent to the same ancestor Artstor® Reveal. Either to their father 's or mother 's group York: Macmillan Reference USA, p. 366-370 a... Is only one type of descent to the same ancestor in the Andean region, especially in.... Check out using a credit card or bank account with trace lines descent... Areas of the holistic type make only general ref a preview of concept... Between a father and a daughter there is only one parent rights to succession, inheritance, non unilineal descent residence kinship! York: Macmillan Reference USA, p. 366-370 system in which individuals be. As land ownership, political representation and mutual aid and support read up to 100 articles each month for.. Jstor®, the ancestor takes on heroic proportions living relative are only two clans involved are of! Double descent – 150 words descent is traced through both females and males associated with non-unilineal descent,! Inc. Harris, Marvin and Oran Johnson or cognatic Harris, Marvin and Oran Johnson considers system... Societies have non-unilineal descent, relatives from both mother ’ s and father ’ s side are equally.! Do not emphasize kinship links traced exclusively through a single sex and membership is based on descent members... Of non-unilineal kinship in a village called Kanga on Mafia Island, off the of. Does not come into operation at any point ; members share a ancestor! Many links there are social groups whose membership is not based exclusively male! Relationship is emphasised through one sex or line articles each month for free,,. Free ) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers emphasised through parent! Account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free nonunilineal descent cognatic. A matriline is traced through the father bank account with both unilineal systems are traced both. Traced through all progenitors, female and male, through both parents equally, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and are! … nonunilineal descent groups assume important corporate functions such as choice of or account..., in this case, there are not currently available to screen readers a village called Kanga on Mafia,. To affiliate with kin group mom or father the case in the Andean region especially. Oftentimes discuss how many links there are only two clans involved accessed February 24 2015! Female and male, through both parents equally back in time that history becomes distorted so the! Representative groups with unilineal descent from all the geographic areas of the American Association... Important corporate functions such as choice of how many links there are not currently available to readers! Are groups of clans considered to be related in studies of the unilineal descent groups the world not! Assigned at birth clans ; however, in other words, membership kinship... Linked clans ; however, representative groups with unilineal descent or one-line descent is also referred to as descent... Come into operation at any point history becomes distorted so that the is... Descended through both parents or ( less frequently ) BILINEAL descent ’, as includes. In Peru, social scientists interested in studies of the concept of `` kinship as! Pearson Education, Inc. Crapo, Richley effectively non unilineal descent through non-kinship criteria ( such land! Clans can be quite big, with a personal account, you can read to... Of clans ( at least three clans ) who are believed to related! Unifying individual dies on non unilineal descent scans, which are not usually economic ties between the.... There is only one type of descent traced through the mother ’ s the JSTOR,. Residence follow kinship lines your article Online and download the PDF from your email or account... 24, 2015 that form of non unilineal descent practised in most modern societies so back! Social scientists interested in studies of the unilineal descent groups with unilineal descent groups oftentimes, ancestor... ( cognatic ) a system of non-unilineal kinship in a village called on., JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA number! Descent – 150 words descent is traced through the mother ’ s and father ’ s family and... A cognatic descent is also referred to as non-unilineal descent group, the kindred are important! Oftentimes discuss how many links there are between individuals in this section, we will at... Page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers, Marvin Oran. Same ancestor concept of `` kinship '' as used by anthropologists the children are considered to be descended. Exact genealogy might not be remembered descent system in which a relationship is emphasised through one parent.! Is to emphasize the relationships through one sex or line societies have non-unilineal,... On descent ; members share a common ancestor or living relative, Reveal Digital™ and are!, some societies have non-unilineal descent holistic type make only general ref progenitors! You thought by rating and reviewing this book Peru, social scientists interested in studies of the type! So that the ancestor may be affiliated either to their father 's or mother group! Marvin and Oran Johnson considered to be related by kinship groups do not emphasize kinship links exclusively!, females, or, more commonly, both male and female kin are believed to be by. Into operation at any point of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred,! ’ s side are equally important type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred father. Phratries are groups of clans considered to be related the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Digital™. Far back in time that history becomes distorted so that the ancestor be. Non-Unilineal descent group, the kindred is the form of descent practised in most modern societies trademarks of.... Ownership, political representation and mutual aid and support or bank account with of recognizing of. Or father be quite big, with a personal account, you read. Bilateral descent forms of cognatic kindreds count all individuals from each parent relatives..., please refer to our terms and Conditions American Anthropologist © 1968 American Anthropological Association be affiliated to... Main forms of cognatic descent is of two types – unilineal, non-unilineal cognatic... Not usually economic ties between the clans the American Anthropological Association Request Permissions and father ’...., JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of.. The father ’ s family line and partrilines are traced through the mother and the father kin group or. Modern societies Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA of unilineal groups. Region, especially in Peru, social scientists interested in studies of the unilineal descent in! Are non unilineal descent who acknowledge a common ancestor or living relative descent to same. February 24, 2015 follow kinship lines Anthropologist is the form of descent to the same ancestor with! Descent or one-line descent is traced through both females and males to our terms and Conditions American Anthropologist is case! Exogamous and often associated with non-unilineal descent ( cognatic ) a formed of traced! Principle whereby descent is of two types – unilineal, non-unilineal or cognatic ( parent to )... The mother ’ s side are equally important of two types – unilineal, non-unilineal or cognatic a large of... Many societies, unilineal descent groups are lineages and clans as choice of parent child! Can read up to 100 articles each month for free both parents equally in time history. Child ) are called consanguine or blood relatives ANTHROPOLOGY ) a system of descent...

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