respiratory disease statistics

At a more detailed level, the standardised death rate for asthma was higher among women. The remainder of Table 3 provides a more detailed analysis of the average length of hospital stays for in-patients diagnosed with five different types of respiratory diseases. 432.75 kB. The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, COPD, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems. The average stay in hospital for in-patients being treated for asthma varied considerably across the EU Member States, from highs of 14.2 days in Czechia and 13.7 days in Germany (2017 data) to less than 3.0 days in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark (2016 data). Air pollution is a major respiratory health issue: activities involving the burning of fossil fuels, such as some industrial activities, power generation, vehicle emissions and household heating/cooking, as well as natural phenomena (such as volcanic eruptions or dust storms) have the potential to cause respiratory diseases. Nine million children under 5 years of age die annually and lung diseases are the most common causes of these deaths. In 2018, Blacks (10.9%) were 42 percent more likely than Whites (7.7%) to still have asthma. A higher proportion of men than women who died in the EU-27 in 2016 did so from diseases of the respiratory system (8.1 % compared with 6.9 %). Related Chapters. This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to diseases of the respiratory system and focuses on the following aspects: deaths from diseases of the respiratory system and healthcare for diseases of the respiratory system. Within the EU-27, some 5.4 % of the adult population reported that they suffered from asthma. Dis. Medical workers there tested her … The mortality rate from respiratory disease in … Among the EU Member States there are a range of different policies with respect to making vaccines available to the general public— often they are specifically targeted at groups of older people. Chapter 2 . (File) India has 18% of the world’s population but 32% of the global burden of respiratory diseases. By contrast, Czechia recorded the largest increase in the average time spent in hospital for these diseases (up 1.3 days), while nine other Member States reported increases of 0.1 to 0.5 days. According to the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC), the prevalence of allergic rhinitis ranges from very low to 50% of adolescents (81), with an average of over 30% (13). Note: the rate shown is the proportion of people aged 65 and over having been immunised against influenza during the 12 months prior to the survey. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common respiratory disease characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitations [].Due to the ongoing epidemic of smoking and to prolonged life expectancy, COPD is projected to increase in prevalence and to contribute over 4.5 million annual deaths worldwide by 2030 [2, 3].Since aging and smoking are … … while the prevalence of asthma was highest in Finland. Alzheimer’s disease: 122,019. Table 3 presents an analysis of the average length of hospital stays for in-patients treated for a respiratory disease in 2013 and 2018. By contrast, Romania and Portugal recorded a considerably higher proportion of people aged 65 years or over who were vaccinated against influenza in 2018 (2017 for Portugal) than in 2013, up by more than 10.0 percentage points. Turkey: 2016. (212) 419-8286. Table 1 shows that, in 2017, the proportion of deaths in Ireland from respiratory diseases was considerably higher than the EU-27 average, at 13.4 %, while respiratory diseases also accounted for at least 1 in 10 deaths in Spain, Denmark, Portugal, Belgium, Greece and Malta; among the non-member countries shown in Table 1, more than 1 in 10 deaths were from respiratory diseases in the United Kingdom, Liechtenstein, Turkey, Norway and Iceland. By contrast, the highest share among men was recorded in Luxembourg (5.7 %) where, as in a further eight EU Member States, a greater share of men (compared with women) reported that they had a chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma). In Latvia and France, the average length of a hospital stay for those treated for a disease of the respiratory system was 2.3 days less than the average for all diseases, while it was 1.9 days shorter in Estonia and 1.7 days shorter in Luxembourg. Two major chronic respiratory diseases in Australia are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! Chronic lower respiratory diseases (excluding asthma) cover a collection of lung diseases that include chronic bronchitis, emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases; the main cause of these diseases is smoking. Most of these are linked to lifestyle or environmental factors, such as smoking or pollution. Across the EU-27, 4.5 % of women reported such an illness, compared with 4.1 % of men. Lung Disease: Facts You Need to Know. Respiratory diseases are leading causes of death and disability in the world. Respiratory disease is one of the biggest killers in the United Kingdom, encompassing diseases such as lung cancer and asthma. Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 159,486. Each year, chronic respiratory diseases disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and contribute to thousands of deaths. Global and National Extent According to WHO, in India, deaths due to respiratory diseases account for 11% of total deaths in the country. The length of hospital stays for in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system was generally close to the average for all types of disease. In August 2019, Angie Abad went to the ER to be treated for a respiratory infection. The EU-27’s standardised death rate from respiratory diseases for those aged 65 years and over was 38 times as high as the standardised death rate for persons aged less than 65 years; this can be compared with the same ratio for all causes of death, where the death rate for those aged 65 years and over was 20 times as high. Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure. Standardised death rates for respiratory diseases were consistently higher for men than for women . The average hospital stay in 2018 ranged in length from 5.2 days in Sweden up to 10.3 days in Czechia. The majority of people who die from influenza are aged 65 years or over and face complications based on chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases or chronic lung diseases. Policies that can potentially alleviate air pollution include support for cleaner transport, energy-efficient housing or better municipal waste management in urban areas, and policies aimed at reducing agricultural waste incineration, forest fires and certain agro-forestry activities in rural areas. Webannex Admissions. By contrast, less than 2.0 % of the population in Malta and Sweden declared that they suffered from chronic lower respiratory diseases (other than asthma). Indeed, smoking tobacco is the main cause of lung disease in Europe (note that the data presented in this article do not cover cancer), while it is also considered to be a major contributory factor to the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the development of asthma in children and adults; furthermore, respiratory diseases also occur among those who are subject to passive smoking. It may result from a range of triggers, which include (among others): pollution, tobacco smoke, solvents, pollens, cold air or strenuous exercise. 1 Cancer (908) 2 Heart Disease (799) 3 Unintentional Injury (427) 4 Chronic Lower Resp. Chronic respiratory diseases were responsible for 10.9% of the total deaths in India in 2016. Patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases have difficulties in breathing, as the walls of the Blacks and American Indian/Alaska Natives have the highest current asthma rates compared to other races and ethnicities. Pneumonia is the world’s leading killer of young children [6]. Portugal (2015 data), Cyprus and the Netherlands had by far the lowest in-patient discharge rates for diseases of the respiratory system, less than 800 per 100 000 inhabitants, while Croatia and Sweden were the only other EU Member States to record ratios that were below 1 000 discharges per 100 000 inhabitants. Number of deaths for leading causes of death: Heart disease: 655,381. The survey included questions on self-assessment of an individual’s health and data on respiratory diseases, which are available for all EU Member States, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway and Turkey. Deaths in younger ages can be considered as premature. Diseases of the respiratory system are one of the main causes of death in the EU and include conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia or asthma. The number of deaths from a particular cause of death can be expressed relative to the size of the population. Among the enlargement countries, this share was as high as 12.7 % (2016 data) in Turkey and 11.5 % in Montenegro; in the United Kingdom it was also 11.5 % (2016 data). More than three fifths of the elderly population of Ireland, the Netherlands and Portugal were vaccinated against influenza. This gender difference was particularly pronounced in Lithuania, where the gap between the sexes was 2.7 percentage points and where the highest share of the female population (7.3 %) reported that they suffered from a chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma); the gender gap was slightly higher in Turkey (2.8 points). This page has been accessed 80,000 times. A study published by The Forum of International Respiratory Societies shows hundreds of millions of people around the world suffering from one or more types of chronic respiratory disorders, while there are over four million deaths every year, caused by such diseases. Chapter X of the ICD covers diseases of the respiratory system: There is a wide range of factors that play a role in affecting the health of a person’s respiratory system. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Includes: Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema Physician office visits. In 2018, approximately 5.9 million in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system were discharged from EU hospitals. We analyze raw data from government surveys available through the National Center for Health Statistics and other agencies to develop reports on lung disease mortality, prevalence, hospitalization, economic costs and risk factors. A closer analysis reveals that a higher proportion of women (than men) declared they had asthma in all but two of the EU Member States: the share (4.4 %) of men in Belgium who declared they had asthma was 0.2 percentage points higher than the share for Belgian women, while in Denmark the shares for both sexes were equal (6.5 %). of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health. Discharges of in-patients treated for respiratory diseases accounted for 13.0 % of the total number of hospital in-patient discharges in Spain, while these diseases accounted for a share of at least 10.0 % of all in-patient discharges in Ireland, Romania, Latvia and Lithuania. Luxembourg and the United Kingdom: provisional. The data presented in Figures 1 and 2 are derived from the second wave of the European health interview survey (EHIS) which was conducted between 2013 and 2015 and which covers persons aged 15 years and over. About 65 million people suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 3 million die from it each year, making it the third leading cause of death worldwide. Diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 7.5 % of all deaths in the EU-27 in 2016. By contrast, a higher proportion of deaths among women (rather than men) were attributed to diseases of the respiratory system in four Member States, with the largest gender gap in Ireland (1.7 points); an even larger gap with a higher share for women than for men was observed in Iceland (2.6 points). Source: Summary Health Statistics Tables for U.S. Figure 3 shows the take-up of vaccinations against influenza among people aged 65 years or over. Bulgaria had highest number of in-patient discharges per 100 000 inhabitants. In fact, smoking is directly responsible for almost 90% of lung cancer and COPD deaths. The EU-27’s standardised death rate for diseases of the respiratory system was 75.0 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2016; the death rate for men was 2.0 times as high as that for women. Infants and young children are particularly susceptible. It may be argued that many of the deaths and some of the costs associated with influenza epidemics could be avoided through a wider uptake of influenza vaccinations. For hospital discharges and the length of stay in hospitals, the International Shortlist for Hospital Morbidity Tabulation (ISHMT) is used to classify data from 2000 onwards; Chapter X covers diseases of the respiratory system: For country specific notes on this data collection, please refer to this background information document. Aside from these two Member States, the average length of a hospital stay due to a disease of the respiratory system was similar to the average for all diseases, either shorter or longer by at most 1.5 days. In 2016, there were 339 000 deaths in the EU-27 resulting from diseases of the respiratory system, equivalent to 7.5 % of all deaths. It is a type of interstitial lung disease, the umbrella term for more than 200 disorders that cause progressive and usually irreversible scarring, or fibrosis, of the lungs. Summary of Methods - Respiratory Diseases. Lithuania (6.1 %) recorded the highest share among the EU Member States, followed by Portugal, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy — each with shares above 5.0 %. The average time spent in hospital for in-patients treated for a disease of the respiratory system fell by 2.8 days in Finland. Facts about Lung Disease 1: pulmonology. This difference was greatest in Malta, where the female standardised death rate for asthma and status asthmaticus in 2017 was 6.9 times as high as that recorded for men, while the female rates were 2.8 and 2.4 times as high as the male rates in Spain and Ireland respectively. Source: Eurostat (online data code: hlth_ps_immu). Dept. How many deaths from tuberculosis recorded in the EU? An in-patient is a patient who is formally admitted (or ‘hospitalised’) to an institution for treatment and/or care and stays for a minimum of one night or more than 24 hours in the hospital or other institution providing in-patient care. Diseases include, but are not limited to, the pneumoconioses, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory tuberculosis, and certain cancers. Major long lasting European studies of the general population. According to Special Eurobarometer 458, slightly less than one third of all men (30 %) and slightly more than one fifth (22 %) of all women in the EU (including the United Kingdom) smoked in March 2017. Other lung diseases are acute asthma, pulmonary embolism, common cold, and bacterial pneumonia. By far the highest number of in-patient days was spent in German hospitals (24.2 % of the EU total; 2017 data), while Italy (13.2 %), France (11.4 %) and Spain (10.5 %) were the only other EU Member States to record double-digit shares. The next highest overall shares were in Ireland, France and Sweden. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2018, tables A-2b, A-2c, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2016 National Summary Tables, table 15, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2017 Emergency Department Summary Tables, table 12, National Vital Statistics System – Mortality Data (2018) via CDC WONDER, Trends in Chronic lower respiratory diseases from Health, United States, COPD-related Mortality by Sex and Race Among Adults Aged 25 and Over: United States, 2000-2014, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: COPD, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: COPD, CDC/National Center for Health Statistics, Ambulatory Care Use and Physician office visits, Health of American Indian or Alaska Native Population, Health of Asian or Pacific Islander Population, Health of Black or African American non-Hispanic Population, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Number of adults with diagnosed chronic bronchitis in the past year: 9.0 million, Percent of adults with diagnosed chronic bronchitis in the past year: 3.6%, Number of adults who have ever been diagnosed with emphysema: 3.8 million, Percent of adults who have ever been diagnosed with emphysema: 1.5%, Number of physician office visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the primary diagnosis: 5.7 million, Number of emergency department visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the primary diagnosis: 923,000. The National Center for Health Statistics, a division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, conducts the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a series of annual U.S. national surveys of the health status of the noninstitutionalized civilian population. Gender differences were most pronounced for other lower respiratory diseases and chronic lower respiratory diseases as the standardised death rates for men in the EU-27 were 2.4 and 2.3 times as high as the corresponding rates for women. The economic burden of lung disease. Advice for the public. In every one lakh people, an estimated amount of 142 people die from lung disease. Acute upper respiratory infections and influenza (1001); Other acute lower respiratory infections (1003); Chronic diseases of the tonsils and adenoids (1004); Other diseases of upper respiratory tract (1005); Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis (1006); Other diseases of the respiratory system (1008). 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